History of the can

The idea behind cans has been around since the late 18th century!

1795Napoleon offers 12,000 Franks to anyone who can devise a way of preserving food for his army & navy.
1809Nicolas Appert (France) devises an idea of packing food into special “bottles”, like wine.
1810Nicolas Appert (France) receives the 12,000 Frank prize from the French government after he invents the method of preserving food through sterilization. Nicolas publishes “Book for all households” which is translated and published in NY.Peter Durand (England) receives a patent from King George III. The patent includes pottery, glass and tinplated iron for use as food container.
1812Thomas Kensett (England) starts a small plant in NY: canning oysters, meats, fruits and vegtables in hermetically sealed containers.
1813John Hall and Bryan Dorkin opened the first commercial canning factory in England
1818Peter Durand introduces his tinplated iron can in America.
1819Thomas Kensett and Ezra Gagett start selling their products in canned tinplate cans.
1825Kensett receives an American patent for tinplated cans.
1830Huntly and Palmer (England) start selling biscuits and cakes in decorated cans.
1846Henry Evans uses dies to increase production speeds tenfold.
1847Allan Taylor, patents a machine for stamping cylindrical can ends.
1849Henry Evans is granted the patent for the pendulum press, which – when combined with a die device, makes a can end in a single operation. Production now improves from 5 or 6 cans per hour, to 50-60 per hour.
1856Henry Bessmer (England) discovers first (later on William Kelley, America, separately also discovers) the process of converting cast iron into steel.Gail Borden is granted a patent on canned condensed milk.
1858Ezra J. Warner (Waterbury, Connecticut) patents the first can opener! This was used heavily by the US military during the civil war!
1866E.M. Lang (Maine) is granted a patent for sealing tin cans by casting or dropping bar solder in measured drops on can ends.J. Osterhoudt patented the tin can with a key opener.
1870William Lyman patents a better can opener (rotating wheel, which cuts along the top rim of the can).Hinged lid tin cans are introduced.
1875Arthur A. Libby and William J. Wilson (Chicago) develop the tapered can for canning corned beef.Sardines first packed in cans.
1876Hume “floater” introduced to float solder onto ends of can s as they roll along “the line”.
1877The simplified “side seamer” for cans appears.
1880-1890Automatic can making machinery debuts.
1892Tabacco cans introduced.
1894Ams machine company begins manufacturing locked double seam cans.
1898George W. Cobb preserving company finally perfects the sanitary can. Sanitary ends take two more years before they are adopted for food canning in Europe.
1899Inventors Helbling and Pertsch patented aerosols pressurized using methyl and ethyl chloride as propellants.
1901American can company formed.
1909Tuna canning begins in California.
1914Continuous ovens, used to dry inked tinplate, are introduced.
1917Ernest Moeller (Bayer company) introduces aspirin pocket sized cans.Key-openning collar-can for coffee introduced.
1921Zinc oxide and other zinc compounds in enamel lining found to prevent discoloration of canned corn by Zinc sulphide (“Corn black”).Canned citrus juice cans first ship from Florida.
1922Eric Rotheim (Norway) develops the modern aerosol can.
Canned dog food introduced by PH Chopped.
Crimped lids are introduced in Europe.
1926Canned ham (“SPAM”) was introduced.
1927Erik Rotheim (Norway), designs the aerosol can in 1926. He patents the first aerosol can and valve that could hold and dispense products and propellant systems (patent received in 1929).
1931Electrical can opener introduced (with a serrated edge which cuts along the top rim of the can).
1933Quart can of motor oil introduced.
1935Introduction of the beer can. The first beer can was “Krueger Cream Ale” – sold by the Kruger Brewing Company of Richmond, Virginia.
Felifoel breweries in Wales introduce canned beer into the UK using cone shaped topped steel cans.
1940Carbonated soft drink canning begins.
1941US Soldiers rely on canned field rations during WWII.
1943Lyle Goodhue and William Sullivan invent a portable aerosol can using pressurized gas that can be used by US service men to kill malaria causing bugs during WWII.
1945First aerosol cans begin marketing on a wide basis.
1949Spray paint was invented by Edward Seymour. The first color was aluminum…
1953Robert Abplanal invents a crimped valve that can dispense pressurized gas. This significantly improves the aerosol can design.
1955Cans participated in A-Bomb civil defense tests in Nevada in order to test whether canned foods were safe to eat after Nuclear explosions (they were found safe).
1957Aluminum was introduced in metal can making.
1959First all-aluminum beer can.Ermal Fraze (Kettring, Ohio) invents the easy open can!
1960Easy-open can introduced.
1962Beverage can pull-tab was introduced.
1963Ernie Fraze (of Dayton, Ohio) together with the Dayton Reliable Tool Company, and Alcoa, invents the aluminium easy-open end.
1964Two piece can developed. Found to use less metal than the traditional three-piece can.
1965Aluminum beverage cans introduced.
Tin-Free-steel (TFS chromium) cans developed.
1967DWI aluminum cans (Drawn and Wall Ironed) are developed in the US.
1968The first Tin Free Steel (TFS) cans are made in the UK, pushed forward by UK Steel.
1970First Earth day – recycling begins to raise awareness.
DWI cans take a whole new spin when tinplated two-piece cans are introduced in the UK.
1972multi-packs for beverage cans are introduced (6-packs).
1973Indel (of Israel) introduces one of the first tin-plate Coulometric rating systems (SUMETAL)
19803M introduces a peel scotch tab for beverage cans.
1985Aluminum cans dominate beverage market.
Astronauts in outer space receive carbonated beverages in cans.
1987Introduction of the 206 diameter cans for beverage soft drink cans (beer comes a year later).
1989Retained ring pull ends for the beverage industry are introduced.
1991Can ends are downsized 202 and 204 ends reduce the amount of metal required for the ends.
1993Israeli company Indel introduces the first fully automatic double seam inspection system.
1997The first fully automatic double seam inspection system for Windows (TM)!
Shaped cans are introduced.
Big mouth cans are introduced using an aperture that’s 45% larger than typical cans.
1998Big mouth, large opening ends, are introduced in Europe.
Embossed cans start gaining popularity in Europe.
2001Crown Cork & Seal introduce “202 SuperEnd”. This results in a saving of steel (up to 10% savings), as well as increased strength and better pourability.
2002The first tinplate thickness rating system under WindowsTM !
2003Patent awarded to Crown Cork & Seal for the SuperEndTM.
2004A new method for setting up a seamer is introduced: the clearance gauge
2010A new non-destructive method for inspection seams is introduced